A ‘Last Resort’ or a ‘Bypass’? Development of Enhanced Cooperation and Its Meaning for the Problem of Stagnation of Integration in the European Union
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Wydział Nauk Społecznych (Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach)
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
angielski
Czasopismo
YEARBOOK OF POLISH EUROPEAN STUDIES (10pkt w roku publikacji)
ISSN
1428-1503
EISSN
Wydawca
Centrum Europejskie Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego
DOI
Rok publikacji
2017
Numer zeszytu
20
Strony od-do
31-60
Numer tomu
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
1,5
Autorzy
(liczba autorów: 1)
Słowa kluczowe
angielski
enhanced cooperation
crisis in the European Union
differentiation of integration
Open access
Tryb otwartego dostępu
Otwarte repozytorium
Wersja tekstu w otwartym dostępie
Wersja opublikowana
Licencja otwartego dostępu
Creative Commons — Uznanie autorstwa
Czas opublikowania w otwartym dostępie
Razem z publikacją
Streszczenia
Język
angielski
Treść
Completion of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) was the last successful ‘grand project’ in the European Union (EU). Since then, the EU has either failed or, at most, quite effectively – but only responds to the emerging challenges and problems. At the same time, along with the stagnation in the deepening of integration between all the EU member states, differentiation of integration in the EU is progressing very rapidly. This phenomenon is a consequence of a mainly two processes: reform of the euro area and the development of the enhanced cooperation. The aim of the article is to try to analyze the problem of whether enhanced cooperation is really treated as a ‘last resort’ or, rather, gradually, as a specifi c ‘bypass’, which make it possible to overcome obstacles relating to launching a new integration projects. The starting point of this analysis is the thesis on the stagnation of integration in the EU, that has been taking place for more than a dozen years. Very synthetically this issue is addressed in the one part of the study. The succeeding two parts concern the development of enhanced cooperation and its importance in overcoming the stagnation of integration in the EU.
Inne
System-identifier
PX-5bf6a033d5de3a145d98e049