Verapamil treatment induces cytoprotective autophagy by modulating cellular metabolism
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Instytut Medycyny Doświadczalnej i Klinicznej im. Mirosława Mossakowskiego Polskiej Akademii Nauk
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
en
Czasopismo
FEBS Journal (30pkt w roku publikacji)
ISSN
1742-464X
EISSN
1742-4658
Wydawca
WILEY-BLACKWELL
DOI
URL
Rok publikacji
2017
Numer zeszytu
9
Strony od-do
1370-1387
Numer tomu
284
Link do pełnego tekstu
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
1.51
Słowa kluczowe
en
autophagy
cancer
cell death
lactate
verapamil
Streszczenia
Język
en
Treść
Verapamil, an L-type calcium channel blocker, has been used successfully to treat cardiovascular diseases. Interestingly, we have recently shown that treatment of cancer cells with verapamil causes an effect on autophagy. As autophagy is known to modulate chemotherapy responses, this prompted us to explore the impact of verapamil on autophagy and cell viability in greater detail. We report here that verapamil causes an induction of autophagic flux in a number or tumor cells and immortalized normal cells. Moreover, we found that inhibition of autophagy in COLO 205 cells, via treatment with the chloroquine (CQ) or by CRISPR/Cas9-mediated disruption of the autophagy genes Atg7 and Atg5, causes an upregulation of apoptotic markers in response to verapamil. In search of a mechanism for this effect and because autophagy can often mitigate metabolic stress, we examined the impact of verapamil on cellular metabolism. This revealed that in normal prostate cells, verapamil diminishes glucose and glycolytic intermediate levels leading to adenosine 50-triphosphate (ATP) depletion. In contrast, in COLO 205 cells it enhances aerobic glycolysis and maintains ATP. Importantly, we found that the autophagic response in these cells is related to the activity of L-lactate dehydrogenase A (LDHA, EC 1.1.1.27), as inhibition of LDHA reduces both basal and verapamil-induced autophagy and consequently decreases cell viability. In summary, these findings not only identify a novel mechanism of cytoprotective autophagy induction but they also highlight the potential of using verapamil together with inhibitors of autophagy for the treatment of malignant disease.
Cechy publikacji
discipline:Biologia medyczna
discipline:Medycyna
discipline:Medical biology
discipline:Medicine
Original article
Original article presents the results of original research or experiment.
Oryginalny artykuł naukowy
Oryginalny artykuł naukowy przedstawia rezultaty oryginalnych badań naukowych lub eksperymentu.
Inne
System-identifier
PBN-R:817706
CrossrefMetadata from Crossref logo
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