Korygowanie niekorzystnych efektów zewnętrznych – ujęcie teoretyczne i empiryczne
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Wydział Zarządzania (Akademia Górniczo-Hutnicza im. Stanisława Staszica w Krakowie)
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
PL
Czasopismo
Zarządzanie i Finanse
ISSN
2084-5189
EISSN
Wydawca
Uniwersytet Gdański (Sopot). Wydział Zarządzania
DOI
Rok publikacji
2016
Numer zeszytu
3
Strony od-do
339--351
Numer tomu
14
Link do pełnego tekstu
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
0.9
Autorzy
(liczba autorów: 1)
Słowa kluczowe
EN
mathematical modelling
domestic energy sector
negative externalities
PL
modelowanie matematyczne
krajowy sektor energetyczny
niekorzystne efekty zewnętrzne
Streszczenia
Język
EN
Treść
The article describes the theoretical and empirical aspects of correcting negative externalities. The ways of internalisation of external costs and obstacles to their implementation, i.e. common ownership, the assignment of property rights and Pigou tax are given. The last approach of introducing a Pigou tax was verified. The tax volume was taken from own research on the external costs caused by the national power system. The research area was the domestic energy sector. The mathematical optimization model POWER-POL was used, the tool developed to analyze domestic energy sector development. The decision criterion is based on the maximization of social welfare, defined as a sum of consumer and producer surplus of energy producers net of external costs. Calculations were done for two scenarios: the „base” and the „effective”. In the first scenario the optimal „production mix” of domestic energy sector is calculated for the current and future environmental regulations. In the second scenario the optimal structure of energy production for the full internalisation of external costs is determined. As proven, the decision criterion significantly affects the results. In the „base” variant – which represents the current energy policy for energy sector – the social costs are over 14% higher than in the „effective” variant. This means that the full internalisation of external costs is economically justified.
Cechy publikacji
original article
peer-reviewed
Inne
System-identifier
idp:104437