Genotypic and clinical differences of seropositive Helicobacter pylori children and adults in the Polish population.
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Instytut "Pomnik - Centrum Zdrowia Dziecka"
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
en
Czasopismo
Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
ISSN
0867-5910
EISSN
1899-1505
Wydawca
POLISH PHYSIOLOGICAL SOCIETY
DOI
Rok publikacji
2014
Numer zeszytu
6
Strony od-do
801-807
Numer tomu
65
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
Autorzy
(liczba autorów: 9)
Pozostali autorzy
+ 8
Słowa kluczowe
en
Helicobacter pylori infection
Helicobacter pylori epidemiology
Helicobacter pylori histopathology
cagA genotype
vacA genotype
antibiotic resistance
amoxicillin
clarithromycin
tetracycline
metronidazole
Streszczenia
Język
angielski
Treść
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of the upper gastrointestinal tract diseases in both children and adults. The aim of this paper was to assess the differences between the clinical course of the disease in children and adults. This paper also presents an analysis of clinical symptoms, endoscopic and histopathological findings, H. pylori cagA and vacA genotypes rates and analysis of the sensitivity of these strains to antibiotics in the Polish population, with possible practical and therapeutic implications. The multicenter study on the frequency of H. pylori infections assessed by the presence of antibodies in IgG class against H. pylori in serum was conducted in the years 2002 and 2003. The study group included 6565 children and adults, in 3827 of whom antibodies levels were above 24 U/mL. The authors analyzed clinical and endoscopic symptoms and in some patients with H. pylori seropositivity also histopathological changes, and cagA and vacA genes. Sensitivity of H. pylori strains to antibiotics were also analyzed. Differences between the frequency of infection between children and adults were determined. Endoscopic examination in adults revealed more frequent cases of gastropathy (P=0.003) and erosive gastritis (P=0.001), and in children-thick mucosal folds (P<0.0001). Histopathological examinations carried out in adults have revealed atrophic gastritis and intestinal metaplasia. In children, cagA(+)s1m1 was observed more frequently than in adults (34.0% versus 23.1%; P=0.02) contrary to cagA(–)s2m2 which occurred more frequently in adults (27.1% versus 14.0%; P=0.003). No effect of the infection on nausea, regurgitation, vomiting, heartburn, and abdominal pain in children was detected. However, adults infected with H. pylori suffered from more frequent episodes of heartburn and abdominal pain. The H. pylori strain exhibited a high resistance to metronidazole (higher in adults: 41.7% versus 27.4%; P=0.002), and to clarithromycin (higher in children: 20.2% versus 15.4%; P>0.05), and dual resistance to metronidazole and clarithromycin (higher in children: 9.9% versus 8.4%; P>0.05). Resistance of the H. pylori to amoxicillin and tetracycline was not detected. The conducted study indicated clinical differences in the H. pylori infection in children and adults. Among the differences in children, especially the more frequent infections by the cagA(+)s1m1/m2 strain could have an influence on further consequences of the infection. The obtained results could be useful in therapeutic decisions.
Cechy publikacji
Original-article
Inne
System-identifier
0000014203