Swelling pressure of natural and modified smectite-bearing clay raw materials
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Wydział Inżynierii Materiałowej i Ceramiki (Akademia Górniczo-Hutnicza im. Stanisława Staszica w Krakowie)
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
EN
Czasopismo
Physicochemical Problems of Mineral Processing
ISSN
1643-1049
EISSN
Wydawca
DOI
URL
Rok publikacji
2015
Numer zeszytu
1
Strony od-do
127--135
Numer tomu
51
Link do pełnego tekstu
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
0.64
Autorzy
Słowa kluczowe
EN
Krakowiec clays
clay raw materials
swelling pressure
sodium activated smectites
waterproofing materials
Triassic clay
Streszczenia
Język
EN
Treść
Smectite clays, due to their barrier properties and swelling ability, are often applied for waterproofing purposes. A proper value of swelling pressure is one of the parameters, which must be met by the fillers used in hybrid waterproofing materials. The authors determined the swelling pressure of selected clay raw materials in their natural state and after chemical modification. This parameter was measured by the Komine method, as this procedure is more accurate than the standard edometric method. The authors introduced some changes in the method. The samples represent Krakowiec clays (Miocene) and a Triassic clay, collected in active pits of building clays, which are widely exploited in south Poland. The content of the smectite group minerals, determined from the sorption of methylene blue and copper(II) triethylenetetramine, ranges between 15 and 35%. Further characteristics of the clays were obtained with X-ray diffraction, chemical analyses (calcium carbonate content including) and pH measurements. It has been found that the activation of smectite clays with sodium lowers their swelling pressure as water penetrates easier the interlayer spaces of the smectites modified. This is important from the viewpoint of assessing the quality of bentonite fillers.
Cechy publikacji
original article
peer-reviewed
Inne
System-identifier
idp:083351
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