Cholesterol Oxidase Is Indispensable in the Pathogenesis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Instytut Biologii Medycznej Polskiej Akademii Nauk
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
en
Czasopismo
PLoS One
ISSN
1932-6203
EISSN
Wydawca
PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
DOI
URL
Rok publikacji
2013
Numer zeszytu
9
Strony od-do
1-12
Numer tomu
8
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
Streszczenia
Język
en
Treść
Despite considerable research effort, the molecular mechanisms of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) virulence remain unclear. Cholesterol oxidase (ChoD), an extracellular enzyme capable of converting cholesterol to its 3-keto-4-ene derivative, cholestenone, has been proposed to play a role in the virulence of Mtb. Here, we verified the hypothesis that ChoD is capable of modifying the bactericidal and pro-inflammatory activity of human macrophages. We also sought to determine the contribution of complement receptor 3 (CR3)- and Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2)-mediated signaling pathways in the development of macrophage responses to Mtb. We found that intracellular replication of an Mtb mutant lacking a functional choD gene (Delta choD) was less efficient in macrophages than that of the wild-type strain. Blocking CR3 and TLR2 with monoclonal antibodies enhanced survival of Delta choD inside macrophages. We also showed that, in contrast to wild-type Mtb, the Delta choD strain induced nitric oxide production in macrophages, an action that depended on the TLR2, but not the CR3, signaling pathway. Both wild-type and mutant strains inhibited the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), but the Delta choD strain did so to a significantly lesser extent. Blocking TLR2-mediated signaling abolished the inhibitory effect of wild-type Mtb on ROS production by macrophages. Wild-type Mtb, but not the Delta choD strain, decreased phorbol myristate acetate-induced phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2 (ERK1/2), which are involved in both TLR2- and CR3-mediated signaling pathways. Our finding also revealed that the production of interleukin 10 by macrophages was significantly lower in Delta choD-infected macrophages than in wild-type Mtb-infected macrophages. However, tumor necrosis factor-alpha production by macrophages was the same after infection with mutant or wild-type strains. In summary, we demonstrate here that ChoD is required for Mtb interference with the TLR2-mediated signaling pathway and subsequent intracellular growth and survival of the pathogen in human macrophages.
Cechy publikacji
ORIGINAL_ARTICLE
Inne
System-identifier
634269
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