Molecular Evolution of Marek's Disease Virus (MDV) Field Strains in a 40-Year Time Period
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Państwowy Instytut Weterynaryjny - Państwowy Instytut Badawczy
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
en
Czasopismo
AVIAN DISEASES
ISSN
0005-2086
EISSN
1938-4351
Wydawca
AMER ASSOC AVIAN PATHOLOGISTS
DOI
URL
Rok publikacji
2014
Numer zeszytu
4
Strony od-do
550-557
Numer tomu
58
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
Słowa kluczowe
en
Marek's disease
40 years
molecular evolution
oncogene
very virulent plus strains
Streszczenia
Język
en
Treść
Marek's disease (MD) presents a serious threat in poultry production. The disease has been limited for over 40 yr by protective vaccination. The widely applied vaccination against MD is also one of the factors causing evolutionary pressure onto field Marek's disease virus (MDV) virulent strains. Molecular evolution of MDV genes involved in oncogenesis may increase the pathogenicity of MDV virulent strains. The goal of the presented study was to sum up the molecular evolution of MDV field strains isolated in the last 40 yr in Poland. In total, 85 field MDV strains collected between 1974 and 2012 were propagated in chicken embryo fibroblasts. After DNA extraction, three sets of primers were designed for PCR complementary to the MDV076 (RLORF7) region encoding the meq oncogene as well to the MDV077 (23 kDa protein binding alpha-enolase) and MDV077.5 (RLORF6) genes. The obtained 85 MDV076, 60 MDV077, and 58 MDV077.5 cloned fragments were sequenced and aligned with the sequences of reference MDV strains showing different pathogenicity levels. The retrieved nucleotide (nt) and deduced amino acid sequences of RLORF7, 23 kDa protein, and LORF6 of Polish field strains showed several mutations and substitutions homologous to those observed in reference strains with a determined pathogenicity. The observed changes indicated the continuous evolution of field MDV strains. The RLORF7 nt sequence of analyzed MDV isolates showed similarity to virulent and very virulent MDV reference strains. The obtained 23 kDa and LORF6 nt sequences provided more important data and were more similar to mildly pathogenic strains than to virulent and very virulent MDV. The specific nt motifs in all three genes may indicate an increase of MDV virulence and were found in strains starting from 2006. According to the obtained results, the strains isolated in 2012 are similar to the very virulent plus MDV group. The study showed that RLORF7, 23 kDa protein, and RLORF6 fragments harbor sequence motifs that may have some association with MDV pathogenicity level. However, the exact role of the investigated regions in pathogenicity should be further examined by knock-out MDV strains. Also, the true MDV pathotype may only be determined by traditional in vivo experiments.
Cechy publikacji
ORIGINAL_ARTICLE
Inne
System-identifier
594950
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