Effect of Cr and Mn doping on ferroelectric and dielectric properties of Li1.72Na0.28Ge4O9 single crystals
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Instytut Fizyki Polskiej Akademii Nauk
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
en
Czasopismo
PHASE TRANSITIONS
ISSN
0141-1594
EISSN
Wydawca
TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
DOI
URL
Rok publikacji
2013
Numer zeszytu
2-3
Strony od-do
230-237
Numer tomu
86
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
Słowa kluczowe
en
ferroelectric properties dielectric properties tetragermanate single crystals doping LINAGE4O9 EPR
Streszczenia
Język
en
Treść
Li1.72Na0.28Ge4O9 single crystals pure and slightly doped with chromium and manganese, obtained by Czochralski growth, were investigated for their ferroelectric and dielectric properties. The change in stoichometry of Li2- x Na x Ge4O9 (x?=?0.28) crystals doped with Cr and Mn (0.1?mol.%) had an influence on the value of ferroelectric-to-paraelectric phase transition temperature, T c. The applied doping affects the T c value by no more than 10?K. Moreover, we observed strong anisotropy of physical properties of lithium tetragermanate crystals. It has been found that Li1.72Na0.28Ge4O9 crystal doped with transition metal ions reveals ferroelectric activity in the b-crystallographic direction, (010 in Pca21 space group), below T c?=?260?K. This activity, measured by the value of electrical permittivity, is much less for doped crystals than pure ones. Dielectric permittivity e', conductivity and loss tangent of the crystals, all as the function of temperature in the range of 113433?K, at frequency between 1?Hz to 1?MHz were measured. The values of conductivity activation energies, E a, were estimated. Hysteresis loops as well as coercive field and spontaneous polarization were measured and calculated. Switching current transients were analyzed.
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Oryginalny artykuł naukowy przedstawia rezultaty oryginalnych badań naukowych lub eksperymentu.
Original article
Original article presents the results of original research or experiment.
Inne
System-identifier
PBN-R:695233
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