Growth-induced non-planar magnetic anisotropy in $FeCoZr-CaF_{2}$ nanogranular films: structural and magnetic characterization
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Wydział Fizyki i Informatyki Stosowanej (Akademia Górniczo-Hutnicza im. Stanisława Staszica w Krakowie)
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
EN
Czasopismo
Journal of Applied Physics
ISSN
0021-8979
EISSN
1089-7550
Wydawca
AMER INST PHYSICS
DOI
URL
Rok publikacji
2014
Numer zeszytu
4
Strony od-do
044301-1--044301-12
Numer tomu
116
Link do pełnego tekstu
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
0,85
Autorzy
Pozostali autorzy
+ 4
Streszczenia
Język
EN
Treść
The relation between nanoscale structure, local atomic order and magnetic properties of (FeCoZr)(x)(CaF2)(100-x) (29 <= x <= 73 at. %) granular films is studied as a function of metal/insulator fraction ratio. The films of a thickness of 1-6 mu m were deposited on Al-foils and glass-ceramic substrates, by ion sputtering of targets of different metal/insulator contents. Structural characterization with X-ray and electron diffraction as well as transmission electron microscopy revealed that the films are composed of isolated nanocrystalline bcc alpha-FeCo(Zr) alloy and insulating fcc CaF2 matrix. They grow in a columnar structure, where elongated metallic nanograins are arranged on top of each other within the columns almost normal to the substrate surface. Mossbauer spectroscopy and magnetometry results indicate that their easy magnetization axes are oriented at an angle of 65 degrees-74 degrees to the surface in films with x between 46 and 74, above the electrical percolation threshold, which is attributed to the growth-induced shape anisotropy. Interatomic distances characteristic for metallic state of alpha-FeCo(Zr) nanograins were revealed by X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy. The results show a lack of surface oxidation of the alloy nanograins, so the growth-induced orientation of nanograins in the films cannot be attributed to this effect. The study is among the first to report a growth-induced non-planar magnetic anisotropy in metal/insulator granular films above the percolation threshold and to reveal the origin of it. (C) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC.
Cechy publikacji
original article
peer-reviewed
Inne
System-identifier
idp:083142
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