Overall human mortality and morbidity due to exposure to air pollution
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Wydział Fizyki i Informatyki Stosowanej (Akademia Górniczo-Hutnicza im. Stanisława Staszica w Krakowie)
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
EN
Czasopismo
International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
ISSN
1232-1087
EISSN
1896-494X
Wydawca
Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine : Polish Association of Occupational Medicine
Rok publikacji
2016
Numer zeszytu
3
Strony od-do
417--426
Numer tomu
29
Link do pełnego tekstu
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
0.7
Autorzy
(liczba autorów: 1)
Słowa kluczowe
EN
nitrogen dioxide
respiratory diseases
cardiovascular diseases
health impact assessment
HIA
airborne particulate matter
Open access
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Otwarte czasopismo
Wersja tekstu w otwartym dostępie
Wersja opublikowana
Licencja otwartego dostępu
Creative Commons — Uznanie autorstwa-Niekomercyjne
Czas opublikowania w otwartym dostępie
Razem z publikacją
Streszczenia
Język
EN
Treść
Objectives: Concentrations of particulate matter that contains particles with diameter <= 10 mm (PM10) and diameter <= 2.5 mm (PM2.5) as well as nitrogen dioxide (NO2) have considerable impact on human mortality, especially in the cases when cardiovascular or respiratory causes are attributed. Additionally, they affect morbidity. An estimation of human mortality and morbidity due to the increased concentrations of PM10, PM2.5 and NO2 between the years 2005-2013 was performed for the city of Krakow, Poland. For this purpose the Air Quality Health Impact Assessment Tool (AirQ) software was successfully applied. Material and Methods: The Air Quality Health Impact Assessment Tool was used for the calculation of the total, cardiovascular and respiratory mortality as well as hospital admissions related to cardiovascular and respiratory diseases. Data on concentrations of PM10, PM2.5 and NO2, which was obtained from the website of the Voivodeship Inspectorate for Environmental Protection (WIOS) in Krakow, was used in this study. Results: Total mortality due to exposure to PM10 in 2005 was found to be 41 deaths per 100 000 and dropped to 30 deaths per 100 000 in 2013. Cardiovascular mortality was 2 times lower than the total mortality. However, hospital admissions due to respiratory diseases were more than an order of magnitude higher than the respiratory mortality. Conclusions: The calculated total mortality due to PM2.5 was higher than that due to PM10. Air pollution was determined to have a significant effect on human health. The values obtained by the use of the AirQ software for the city of Krakow imply that exposure to polluted air can result in serious health problems.
Cechy publikacji
original article
peer-reviewed
Inne
System-identifier
idp:096097
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