Importance of the electronic structure of modified $TiO_{2}$ in the photoelectrochemical processes of hydrogen generation
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Wydział Inżynierii Materiałowej i Ceramiki (Akademia Górniczo-Hutnicza im. Stanisława Staszica w Krakowie)
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
EN
Czasopismo
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
ISSN
0360-3199
EISSN
1879-3487
Wydawca
Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd.
Rok publikacji
2015
Numer zeszytu
1
Strony od-do
815--824
Numer tomu
40
Link do pełnego tekstu
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
0.71
Autorzy
Pozostali autorzy
+ 5
Słowa kluczowe
EN
TiO2
electronic structure
hydrogen generation
Co-doping
Streszczenia
Język
EN
Treść
Co-sputtered, chromium and nitrogen doped, nonstoichiometric, Ti(Cr)O2-x:N thin films as well as undoped TiO2-x and singly doped TiO2-x:N, TiO2-x:Cr thin films have been prepared by dc/rf reactive magnetron sputtering. X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy show that obtained thin films are highly amorphous. Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analysis, EDX, demonstrates that, with the increasing current density of Cr target during deposition process, the level of chromium dopant increases. A significant shift of the fundamental absorption edge towards longer wavelengths following the incorporation of nitrogen into TiO2-x film can be seen. The changes in the optical transmittance spectra upon nitrogen doping can be accounted for by the free carrier absorption that has been confirmed by the impedance spectroscopy. Resonant X-ray Emission Spectroscopy, RXES, which allows for simultaneous studies of the highest occupied and the lowest unoccupied electronic states, indicates a reduction of the band gap for co-doped Ti(Cr)O2-x:N thin films as compared with TiO2-x. Co-doping causes an increase in the photocurrent in the photo-electrochemical cell, PEC which seems beneficial for hydrogen generation. Measurements of the capacitance of the electrode/electrolyte interface as a function of voltage have allowed us to determine the flat band potential independently from the photocurrent versus voltage curves. Both methods revealed sufficiently large, negative VFB. Copyright (C) 2014, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Cechy publikacji
original article
peer-reviewed
Inne
System-identifier
idp:087539
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