Delayed preconditioning with NMDA receptor antagonists in a rat model of perinatal asphyxia
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Instytut Medycyny Doświadczalnej i Klinicznej im. Mirosława Mossakowskiego Polskiej Akademii Nauk
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
en
Czasopismo
Folia Neuropathologica
ISSN
1641-4640
EISSN
1509-572X
Wydawca
TERMEDIA PUBLISHING HOUSE LTD
DOI
Rok publikacji
2014
Numer zeszytu
3
Strony od-do
270-284
Numer tomu
52
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
1,65
Słowa kluczowe
en
apoptosis gerbil ischemia neuroprotection perinatal asphyxia NMDA receptor
Streszczenia
Język
en
Treść
Introduction: In vitro experiments have demonstrated that preconditioning primary neuronal cultures by temporary application of NMDA receptor antagonists induces long-term tolerance against lethal insults. In the present study we tested whether similar effects also occur in brain submitted to ischemia in vivo and whether the potential benefit outweighs the danger of enhancing the constitutive apoptosis in the developing brain. Material and methods: Memantine in pharmacologically relevant doses of 5 mg/kg or (+)MK-801 (3 mg/kg) was administered i.p. 24, 48, 72 and 96 h before 3-min global forebrain ischemia in adult Mongolian gerbils or prior to hypoxia/ischemia in 7-day-old rats. Neuronal loss in the hippocampal CA1 in gerbils or weight deficit of the ischemic hemispheres in the rat pups was evaluated after 14 days. Also, the number of apoptotic neurons in the immature rat brain was evaluated. Results: In gerbils only the application of (+)MK-801 24 h before ischemia resulted in significant prevention of the loss of pyramidal neurons. In rat pups administration of (+)MK-801 at all studied times before hypoxia-ischemia, or pretreatment with memantine or with hypoxia taken as a positive control 48 to 92 h before the insult, significantly reduced brain damage. Both NMDA receptor antagonists equally reduced the number of apoptotic neurons after hypoxia-ischemia, while (+)MK-801-evoked potentiation of constitutive apoptosis greatly exceeded the effect of memantine. Conclusions: We ascribe neuroprotection induced in the immature rats by the pretreatment with both NMDA receptor antagonists 48 to 92 h before hypoxia-ischemia to tolerance evoked by preconditioning, while the neuroprotective effect of (+)MK-801 applied 24 h before the insults may be attributed to direct consequences of the inhibition of NMDA receptors. This is the first report demonstrating the phenomenon of inducing tolerance against hypoxia-ischemia in vivo in developing rat brain by preconditioning with NMDA receptor antagonists.
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Oryginalny artykuł naukowy przedstawia rezultaty oryginalnych badań naukowych lub eksperymentu.
Original article
Original article presents the results of original research or experiment.
Inne
System-identifier
PBN-R:590703
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