Evaluation of mixtures of blue lupine (Lupinus angustifolius L.) with spring cereals grown for seeds in organic farming system
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Instytut Uprawy Nawożenia i Gleboznawstwa - Państwowy Instytut Badawczy
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
en
Czasopismo
Journal of Food Agriculture & Environment
ISSN
1459-0255
EISSN
Wydawca
WFL PUBL
DOI
URL
Rok publikacji
2013
Numer zeszytu
Strony od-do
1670-1676
Numer tomu
11
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
Autorzy
(liczba autorów: 2)
Słowa kluczowe
en
Blue lupine
wheat
Triticale
barley
legume-cereal mixture
share of components
yield
structure of plant
chemical composition and organic farm
Open access
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Otwarte czasopismo
Wersja tekstu w otwartym dostępie
Licencja otwartego dostępu
Inna
Czas opublikowania w otwartym dostępie
Streszczenia
Język
en
Treść
Cereal-legume combinations have been shown to provide a wide range of benefits, mainly environmental and economic. Good yielding and quality of the mixtures and the high forecrop quality of the area encourage to their cultivation for nutritive fodder, but also as a forecrop for cereals. The benefits of sowings are associated with a significant reduction in weed infestation, especially in organic farms. The purpose of the research was to compare the productivity and quality of mixtures of blue lupine with spring cereals depending on the share of seeds of components at sowing. Field experiment was carried out in the years of 2010-2012 in the split-plot system, with 4 replicates, on the soil of good wheat complex. Mixtures of blue lupine (Lupinus angustifolius L.) with wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), triticale (×Triticosecale Wittm. ex A.Camus) and barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) with a different share of components at sowing (share of lupine 40, 60 and 80%) were compared. The level of yielding of mixtures, structure of the components and the chemical composition of the feed were evaluated. It was shown that significantly larger yields of grains of mixtures were found with the cultivation of lupine mixed with wheat and triticale, than with barley. The best yields were recorded for mixtures with 40% share of legumes, whereas increasing this share resulted in reducing yields, regardless of cereal species. Together with an increase in the share of lupine, there were changes in the structure of the plants in the sowing mixture. The number of pods, seeds and seed weight per plant of lupine increased significantly, while thousand seeds weight decreased, while with cereals, there was only a significant increase in number and weight of grains. A mixture of lupine with wheat had a highest content of protein and fat, while least values of these components were found with the mixture with barley. An increase in the share of lupine seeds at sowing favorably influenced the content of protein and fat, but also resulted in increased quantities of fibre, ash and potassium, regardless of cereal species.
Cechy publikacji
ORIGINAL_ARTICLE
Inne
System-identifier
579237